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A. S Buchner, K. A Sloman, and S. Balshine (2004)

The physiological effects of social status in the cooperatively breeding cichlid Neolamprologus pulcher

Journal of Fish Biology, 65(4):1080-1095.

The physiological effects of social rank were examined in three different experiments with Neolamprologus pulcher a cooperatively breeding cichlid, endemic to Lake Tanganyika, East Africa. The effects of rank on physiology between pairs of dominant and subordinate size-matched fish (experiment 1) and among groups of four size-matched fish (experiment 2) were examined. A third experiment mimicked the natural social structure in the wild; pairs were observed with other group members including breeders. The effect of social position was investigated on growth rates, liver concentrations of adenosine triphospate (ATP), lipids, proteins, creatine phosphate (CrP), glucose and glycogen as well as plasma cortisol. In naturalistic group settings, dominants displayed higher levels of liver protein and plasma cortisol. In the absence of breeders, dominant individuals (of helper pairs) had higher liver glycogen levels and dominant fish (held in groups of four) grew most. These results support previous cooperatively breeding mammal studies and suggest that dominant individuals experience higher cortisol levels as well as higher growth rates. (C) 2004 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.

dominance energy growth helpers neolamprologus pulcher trout salmo-gairdneri st peters fish rainbow-trout brown trout dominance hierarchies energy budgets growth-rate stress cortisol rates